Located along the banks of the River Musi, Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana, the South Indian state in India. Established by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in 1591, Hyderabad is a city that is steeped in history. This city was the formal capital of the Nizams, and this is evident from the number of striking Islamic architecture that can be found here.
Hyderabad was a famous diamond and pearl trading centre in the past, and it is still called as the ‘City of Pearls’. Today, Hyderabad is an important manufacturing, research, and financial centre of India. It has been dubbed the ‘Genome Valley’ because of the development of biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries here.
Things to See in Hyderabad
Spanning over a period of 400 years, Hyderabad is known for its rich history and culture. The numerous historic attractions in this city paint a beautiful vista of the past. Some of the must-see attractions in Hyderabad include:
1.Golconda Fort –
Originally built during the reign of Rajah of Warangal, the Golconda Fort is a mud fort sitting atop a hill. Later, in between the 14th and the 17th Century, the ruling Qutub Shahi dynasty made Golconda their capital and fortified its structure. On entrance into the inner fort, you’ll see numerous ruins of mosques and palaces. The vault in the Golconda Fort stored the famous Hope diamonds and the Koh-I-Noor in the past. The name ‘Golconda’ when translated in English means ‘Shepherd’s Hill’.
2.Falaknuma Palace –
‘Falaknuma’ is an Urdu word that means ‘Mirror of the Sky’ in English. Occupying approximately 32 acres, the entire Falaknuma Palace was constructed with Italian marble. What was originally the Nizam’s Palace has been turned into a 5-star hotel by the Taj group. This palace reminds you of the grandeur of the Nizam era with its numerous Venetian chandeliers, breath-taking gardens, the gorgeous furniture, and the world famous Jade collection.
3. The Charminar
Constructed in 1591, Charminar is perhaps the most important landmark in Hyderabad. Located on the eastern banks of the River Musi, this monument was erected when Hyderabad became the capital of Qutub Shahi dynasty. Check out this structure during the night – you will never forget the view of the illuminated Charminar.
4. Mecca Masjid
This is not only one of the largest masjids in India, but also one of the oldest mosques in Hyderabad. The central arch of this masjid is made from bricks of soil that was collected from Islam’s holiest site, Mecca. Established by Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, this masjid can house up to 10,000 worshippers.